Rosenzweig, Franz

   religious existentialist; organized the Freies Jüdische Lehrhaus (Free Jewish School) in 1920. Born in Kassel to a respected manufacturer of dyestuffs, he studied medicine (passing his Physikum in 1907), history (with Friedrich Meinecke*), and philosophy (with Heinrich Rickert*) during 1905-1912. Berlin* awarded his doctorate in 1912 for a thesis on Hegel s political thought (published in 1920 as Hegel und der Staat). Al-though Meinecke urged him to pursue an academic career, he declined, knowing that his Judaism jeopardized his success. In 1913, while studying law, he ex-perienced a spiritual crisis, almost converted to Christianity, and then devoted himself to religious philosophy. After serving most of World War I in the Bal-kans, he published his three-part magnum opus, a religious philosophy entitled Der Stern der Erlosung (The star of redemption, 1918-1919). A Nietzsche-inspired critique of Western philosophy (especially Hegel), Stern refuted efforts to combine the elements of God, the world, and man into one essence; for Rosenzweig, man was a lonely being, devoured by doubt.
   Rosenzweig assumed direction in August 1920 of Frankfurt s new Indepen-dent House of Judaic Studies (its instructors included Leo Baeck and Martin Buber*) and was appointed Privatdozent for Jewish religious philosophy two years later at Frankfurt. Unfortunately, the onset of a progressive paralysis pre-cluded his accepting the appointment. With the help of his wife and a special typewriter, he continued his scholarship, establishing his place at the center of an anti-Hegelian revolt. Mirroring many of the ideas of Martin Heidegger,* he called for an existential theology while advocating a renewal of classical Jewish thought. From 1925 he and Buber worked on a translation of the Old Testament; at his death ten volumes (Genesis to Isaiah) were complete.
   REFERENCES:Bach, German Jew; Glatzer, Franz Rosenzweig; Guttmann, Philosophies of Judaism; Mendes-Flohr, Philosophy of Franz Rosenzweig.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • ROSENZWEIG, FRANZ — (1886–1929), German Jewish philosopher and theologian. Rosenzweig was born in Kassel, Germany, the only son of well to do parents. His father Georg financially supported many charity institutions, including the Jewish community, but the family s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rosenzweig, Franz — born Dec. 25, 1886, Kassel, Ger. died Dec. 10, 1929, Frankfurt am Main German existentialist and religious philosopher. As a student at Berlin and Freiburg, he rejected the idealism of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. He briefly thought of… …   Universalium

  • Rosenzweig, Franz — (1886–1929)    German religious philosopher. Coming from a cultured and assimilated Kassel family, Rosenzweig had decided to convert to Christianity, but changed his mind under the impact of attending an Orthodox Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Rosenzweig, Franz — (1886 1929)    German theolo gian. He was born in Kassel. He studied at various universities, and eventually considered convert ing to Christianity. After attending an Orthodox high holy day service in Berlin, he embraced Judaism. Later he served …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Rosenzweig, Franz — (25 dic. 1886, Kassel, Alemania–10 dic. 1929, Francfort del Meno). Filósofo existencialista y religioso alemán. Siendo estudiante en Berlín y Friburgo, rechazó el idealismo de Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Durante un breve período consideró… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Franz Rosenzweig — (December 25, 1886ndash December 10, 1929) was an influential Jewish theologian and philosopher. Early life Franz Rosenzweig was born in Kassel, Germany to a minimally observant Jewish family. His education was primarily secular, studying history …   Wikipedia

  • Rosenzweig — Rosenzweig, or Rosensweig is a German surname meaning rose twig and may refer to:* Chaim Rosenzweig, a fictional character in the Left Behind novels * Dan Rosensweig, former Chief Operating Officer of Yahoo! * Dean Rosenzweig, Croatian… …   Wikipedia

  • ROSENZWEIG (F.) — ROSENZWEIG FRANZ (1886 1929) Théologien juif allemand élevé dans une famille fortement assimilée, Franz Rosenzweig, après une «tentation chrétienne», entreprit d’affranchir la pensée juive de la philosophie et, avec Martin Buber et Leo Baeck,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rosenzweig — Rosenzweig,   Franz, jüdischer Theologe und Religionsphilosoph, * Kassel 25. 12. 1886, ✝ Frankfurt am Main 10. 9. 1929. Rosenzweig suchte nach intensiver Auseinandersetzung mit der jüdischen Tradition und beeinflusst von H. Cohen eine moderne,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Franz — /franz, frants/; Ger. /frddahnts/, n. a male given name, German form of Frank. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckenbauer Franz Becker Boris Franz Boas Franz Bopp Franz Brentano Franz Clemens Canaris Wilhelm Franz Karl Franz Josef Chrysander Karl …   Universalium

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